Pruning is an activity that selectively removes branches from a tree. The goal of pruning is to remove unwanted branches, improve the tree's structure and direct new, healthy grown. It is one the most critical forestry maintenance activities. A proper prune is an investment in the long-term health, look and safety of the tree.
Types of Pruning
Pruning is best performed when trees are not actively growing. Three types of pruning are performed in Shorewood: block pruning, training and request pruning.
- Block pruning is pruning necessary for safety and aesthetic reasons. It is a regular maintenance activity that raises the height of the canopy to provide safe passage for pedestrians and motor vehicles (particularly busses and refuse trucks). A properly maintained canopy also improves the effectiveness of the street light system. This type of pruning requires a lift truck, chipper and 2-3 forestry staff. A six-year schedule has been developed for block pruning.
- Training is pruning completed on smaller trees typically within three years of planting which directs growth into a desired shape and form. This pruning results in increased long-term success and performance of trees and reduces future maintenance needs and the likelihood of premature failure. This activity can be done by one staff person without a lift truck.
- Request pruning is reactive and addresses issues related to visibility and obstruction. It also includes storm damage. This type of pruning also requires a lift truck, chipper and 2-3 staff members depending upon the size and nature of the issue. The need for this type of pruning decreases when block and training punning are on schedule.